Protected areas >
Erawan National Park
How the jungle changes part 1: a cascade of
Erawan waterfall in 1998
How the jungle changes part 2: the same
cascade of Erawan waterfall in 2008
The main features of
this scenic national park are the seven-tiered Erawan Waterfall and the
Pratat cave with its dramatic stalactites and stalagmites.
Erawan was founded in June 1975 as Thailand's 12th national park.
Geography and Climate
The limestone hills of Erawan National Park rise 165 to 996 meters above sea
level. Many important streams flow from these hills. The hills protect the
park from the eastern monsoon resulting in a low average rainfall. Rainy
season lasts from May to October, when storms come from the southwest and
the northeast. Cold season runs from November to January, when the weather
is pleasantly cool. February to April is the hot time and temperature is
quite high. The park is open all year.
The prevalent forest type in Erawan National Park is the mixed deciduous
forest covering 81 percent of the park area. Other forest types are dry
dipterocarps forest and dry evergreen forest community.
The park contains 5 different wildlife habitats for mammals, reptiles,
amphibians, birds and freshwater fauna. The already enlisted animals are
Indian elephant, tiger, sambar deer, wild boar, gibbon, langur, Siamese hare,
red flying squirrel, pheasant,
grey peacock pheasant and others.
What to See
Erawan Waterfall - the 7-tier Erawan, surrounded by a
beautiful forest, drops some 1500 meters. A trail leads as far as the 6th level,
from where you have to scramble up the
cliff to reach the 7th level. The climb is well worth the effort, for the
sight of tumbling water, spraying off the boulders into the deep pool below.
The uppermost fall resembles the head of the Erawan Elephant - the 3-headed
elephant from Hindu mythology.
Phartat Cave - at 12 km from the headquarters this impressive
cave is filled with beautiful stalactites and stalagmites. Limestone
geology is clearly displayed on the walls.
Mi Cave - the name is derived from a local belief that the cave was
once inhabited by wild bears. There are 5 chambers inside the cave with
strange forms of stone, stalagmites and stalactites.
Wang Bahdan Cave - a large limestone cave with a narrow opening.
There are several separated chambers inside the cave. On the bottom of
the chambers there is a permanent stream. Each chamber contains glittering stalactites and stalagmites
with names such as Man Phra-in (Indra's curtain) and Khem Narai (Narai's needles)
which looks similar to a very large-size sewing needle. The cave is 54
km from the headquarters, the cave entrance being 1 km from
Wang Badan Ranger Station.
What to Do
Trekking routes and a nature trail, birdwatching, caving, swimming.
Khao Hin Lan Pee Nature Trail - 5 km long, takes some 3
hours to walk. Deciduous, dry evergreen and mixed deciduous forests along the
trail. The trail ends at the 5th tier of Erawan waterfall.
Mong Lay Dry Evergreen Forest Natural Trail - this trail snakes along the waterfall. The walk along the serene forest and 12
various interesting interpretation signs will take about 50 minutes.
Headquarters - accommodation, restaurant, visitors center, parking
Bungalows within the park sleep 2 to 8 people, some have air condition. A
camping site is also available at the headquarters. The
park is easily accessible as a day trip from
By car or public buse from
Kanchanaburi. The last bus back to Kanchanaburi is around 4 pm. Bikes and
pick-up trucks can be hired for transfers within the park.
of National Parks - Erawan page
- more detailed information on attractions, accommodation, online
reservations, facilities etc.
Map of Erawan National Park
Map of Erawan National Park