Western Forest Complex
  An Untouched Wilderness in the Borderland of Thailand and Myanmar

ไทย English  česky 






 Protected areas
 Geography &

 Flora & fauna

 What to see & do


Protected areas > Kaeng Krachan National Park

Male and female wreathed hornbill
Sea of Fog
Resting deep in jungle at the Phetchaburi river
Dusky langur with a baby

Kaeng Krachan is the largest national park in Thailand. That being said does not mean it is also the most visited. It is not by any means. If you meet crowds for example in Khao Yai National park during weekends, Kaeng Krachan still stays calm. A great opportunity for those who don't want to be disturbed when enjoying nature.


The park was created on June 12, 1981. It was enlarged in December 1984 to include the boundary area between Phetchaburi and Prachuapkhirikhan provinces. The park has been included in the list of ASEAN Heritage Parks.

Geography and Climate

The park consists mainly of evergreen rainforest within the eastern slope of the Tenasserim mountain range. The highest elevation is at 1200m. Humidity remains high throughout the year, with heavy rains during the rainy season and cool weather for much of the year. The steep forested areas of the park are even more humid than the young forest and cleared lands in the lower elevations.

Two main rivers originate within the park - the Pranburi river and the Phetchaburi river. About half of the area drains to the Phetchaburi river, which flows to Kaeng Krachan dam at the eastern edge of the park and then down through farmland to the provincial capital of Phetchaburi. The southern haft of the park drains to the Pranburi river, which flows south to the Pranburi dam and then on to the town of Pranburi in Prachuabkhirikhan Province. Because of abundant rainfall and undisturbed forest cover in these watersheds, the streams, waterfalls and rivers of Keang Krachan flow year round.

Parts of the park (containing the Ban Krang and Panoen Thung capmsites) are closed in rainy season from August to October every year for visitors safety and forest recovery.


The western section of the park is bordered by large expanses of relatively undisturbed forest in Myanmar. This effectively increases the conservation estate, allowing animals to move across the border and enhancing the biodiversity value of the area. Kaeng Krachan and adjoining Mae Nam Phachi Wildlife Sanctuary are linked by forests both in Thailand and Myanmar to the large Huai Kha Khaeng/Thung Yai Naresuan Complex further north. This whole extended area with its high biological value is important for protection of Kaeng Krachan National Park and West Peninsular watershed.

Most of the park is covered by deep, steep forest. Over three-quarters of the area has slopes greater than 30%, 85% of the terrain is evergreen rainforest, another 10% is mixed deciduous forest. The forest is rich and complex, with hanging lianas, ferns and orchids, and an abundance of fruiting trees and vines. The forest is unusually diverse because of its location at the juncture of continental Asia and the Malaysian Peninsula. Continental species such as oaks, chestnuts, and maples are found here, as are peninsula palms and fruiting trees.


Like the plant community, the animals of Kaeng Krachan represent both Asiatic and Malaysian species. Over 200 species of birds are known to occur within the park’s boundaries, and 57 mammals. Larger mammals include elephant, gaur, sambar deer, banteng, bear, tiger, leopard. Malayan tapir, gibbon, langurs, Asian wild dog, otter, wild boar. Among the birds recorded in the park are six species of hornbills, junglefowl, peacock-pheasant, stork, black eagle and many species of songbirds, woodpeckers and other forest birds.

What to See

Thor Thip waterfall -
at this 9 levels waterfall deep in the forest, water flows all year round. The waterfall is reached by a steep 4 kilometers jungle trail from the end of the Nam Tok Thorthip road, 35 km from the edge of the park and 55 km from the headquarters. A campground has been built nearby at the confluence with the Phetchaburi river.

Sea of Fog - the morning fog evaporating from the valley of the Phetchaburi river can be seen every morning from the viewpoint at km 36 marker from the headquarters.

Pala-U waterfall - this 16-tier waterfall flows throughout the year. It is situated on the southern border of the park and is best approached from Hua Hin.

Wiman Cave - beautiful stalactites and stalagmites are found in this cool cave as well as evidence of ancient inhabitants - ceramics and stone axes

Hanuman Plain (Khao Pakarang) - a rocky mountain looking like a coral. The area has lots of langurs and gibbons  and is also a great view point.

What to Do

Trekking, birdwatching, butterflywatching, caving, rafting, canoeing.

Jungle trek to Phetchaburi river - 8 km long trek (4 km each way) through dense jungle down to the valley of Phetchaburi river. The trek passes the Thor Thip waterfall on the way.

Panoen Thun Peak trek - 12 km long trek (6 km each way) to the 1207 m high Panoen Thun, the 2nd highest peak in the park, begins at the 27 km marker. On the top grassland and evergreen forest make a good camping spot. The view from the top includes a beautiful panorama of the evergreen forest and the Sea of Fog in the mornings.


Headquarters - accommodation, restaurant, visitors center, parking
Lower camp at Ban Krang - accommodation, parking
Upper camp at Panoen Thung - accommodation, restaurant, parking
Pala-U Waterfall ranger station - accommodation, parking


Bungalows and three camping sites (headquarters, Ban Krang and Panoen Thung) are within the park, resorts just outside of the park.


By car from Petchaburi (from north) or Hua Hin/Prachuapkhirikhan (from south).

BEWARE! Times to go up and down from the Panoen Thung camp are limited:
up From Ban Krang to Panoen Thung: 05.30 - 07.30 am and 1.00 - 3.00 pm
down From Panoen Thung to Ban Krang: 09.00 - 10.00 am and 4.00 - 5.00 pm

More information

Department of National Parks - Kaeng Krachan page - more detailed information on attractions, accommodation, online reservations, facilities etc.
Map of Kaeng Krachan National Park
Map of Kaeng Krachan National Park
Map of Kaeng Krachan National Park

Wild plants - infinite variety of colours and fragrances Mystic fog - the breath of jungle Beautiful waterfalls - source of water for Thailand One of the last habitats of beasts of prey Abundant Wildlife Colourful blossoms - endless inspiration


Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic

The project is funded by the Government of the Czech Republic (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and conducted with support of the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department (DNP), Thai Ecotourism and Adventure Travel Association (TEATA), Foundation of Western Forest Complex Conservation (FWFCC) and Tourism Promotion Society of Kanchanaburi (TSK). For more information write to us at info[at]westernforest[dot]org. Webdesign and photographs by David Kučera. Translation to Thai by Kris Dhiradityakul.

National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department